Tagg, John

The burden of represenation

Tagg, John (1988) The burden of represenation. Basingstoke: Macmillan.


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QuotesContentsIndex


Quotes

text


Contents

Introduction

A Democracy of the Image: Photographic Portraiture and Commodity Production 34

Evidence, Truth and Order: Photographic Records and the Growth of the State 60

A Means of Surveillance: The Photograph as Evidence in Law 66

A Legal Reality: The Photograph as Property in Law 103

God’s Sanitary Law: Slum Clearance and Photography in Late Nineteenth-Century Leeds 11 7

The Currency of the Photograph: New Deal Reformism and Documentary Rhetoric 153

Contacts/Worksheets: Notes on Photography, History and Representation 184


Index A-C

A

Abbott, Berenice 153-4, 156–7, 160, 181

Adamson, Robert 45

Albert, Prince Consort 50

Alien Order Act (1920) 76

Althusser, Louis 22, 24-6, 28–9, 68–70, 89, 166–8, 188

amateur photography 16–20, 104, 160, 189

American Society of Photographic Scientists and Engineers 97

Annan, Thomas 92, 120, 139, 217

Anstey, Edgar 227

Antal, Frederick 22

anthropological photography 11, 12

Arbus, Diane 14

archive, archival mode 13, 64, 92

Arnold, Matthew 19

art history 21, 22, 32, 117-18, 165, 209

Art In Our Time (1939) 157

art photography 13, 15, 17-20, 56, 66–7, 160, 189

Ash Can School 153

Atget, Eugene 160

B

Baker, Robert 122, 129, 149

Ballard, Dr Edward 140, 225

Balzac, Honore de l 76, 1 77

Barnard 0, Dr Thomas John 83–5

Barnes, Thomas 83

Barr, Alfred H. 157

Barthes, Roland I, 3, 4, 7, 98, 160, 189, 204

Baudelaire, Charles 34, 104, 109

Bellocq, E. J. 200

Benjamin, Walter 56, 58, 66, 161

Bennett, Charles Harper 53

Bentham,Jeremy 7, 73, 85, 87

Berger,John 187,189,204

Bertillon, Alphonse 5, 7

Bonaparte, Louis (Napoleon III) 48

Brady, Matthew 112, 168

Brandt, Bill 2

Brecht, Bertolt 178

British Worker, The 65, 119

Browder, Earl 2

Browne, Balfour 221

Brushfield, T. N. 81

Bureau of Reclamation 168

C

calotype 44-5

Cameron, Dr James Spottiswoode 128–31, 135, 137-8, 142-7, 149, 152, 220–1, 222, 224

Cameron, Julia Margaret 48

Carroll, Lewis (Charles Dodgson) 18, 48

carte-de-visite photography 3 7, 48-50, 104, 105, 112

cartography 149

Cassady, Neil 206

Cecil, Lord Robert 147-8

Central Criminal Record Office 76

Chadwick, Edwin 128

Charcot, J. M. 81

Charity Organisation 85

Chartism 7

Chretien, Gilles-Louis 39

cinema 113-14

Clark, T.J. 21-2, 102, 175, 181,

191-2

class, class relations, class struggle 26, 27, 37-8, 61, 68-9, 117, 119, 130–2, 152, 166-7, 193, 195, 198, 210

Clayton,Joseph 221-2

Cleet, James 120

code, coding 102, 187, 188, 190–1, 194

code intemationale de propriiti industrielle, artistique et littiraire 108

Collier, John, Jr 12

collodion process 47-8, 53

Colquhuon, Patrick 72

Committee on Crime Detection (1938) 76

conceptual art 16

Conservative Party 127

copyright law 19, 112-16

Courbet, Gustave 102, 175–6

Cowie, Elizabeth 26

Criminal Justice Act (1948) 76

criminology 5, 11, 89

culture, cultural practice, cultural

production, cultural strategy,

cultural struggle 13, 16, 19, 21, 23-5, 27-32, 36,61,68, 173, 189, 206, 210


D-H

D

Daguerre, L. J. M. 41-5

daguerreotype 37, 42-8, 74

Daily Mirror, The 56

Daumier, Honore 36, 194-5

Delacroix, Eugene 162

Delano, Jack 169

Diamond, Dr Hugh Welch 77-8,

80–1, 92

discipline, disciplinary apparatus

5, 9, 28-9, 62-3, 74, 76, 87,

91, 148

Index

discourse, discursive formation,

discursive practice 4, 23-4,

70, 100, 104, 119, 191-2

Disderi, Andre Adolphe Eugene

48-50, 112

Disfarmer, Mike 18

documentary 8-15, 60, 89, 92, 94,

102-3, 121, 154, 173, 181-2,

195–6

documentation 6, 74, 148

Dreiser, Theodore 153

dry plate 53

Duncan, Dr W. H. 128

E

Eastman, George 17, 54

Eastman Kodak 19

Eco, Umberto 187

Edelman, Bernard 105–7, 113,

115–16

Ehrlich, S. G. 97

Elton, Sir Arthur 227

Engels, Friedrich 136, 1 76-8

Esquirol, J. E. D. 79, 80

Evans, Walker 12-14, 157, 160,

168, 181-2, 195,202,213

evidence 1, 4-6, 8, 12, 60, 65–6,

95, 119, 143, 148

Evrard, Louis Blanquart 112

Extension Service 168

F

Family of Man, The 14, 35, 161

Farm Security Administration

(FSA) 13-14, 168, 170, I 73-

5, 181, 192

Federal Art Project (WPA) 156

Fielding, Henry 72

Forest Service 168

Foster, D. B. 131, 142,225

Foucault, Michel 5, 7, 22, 28-9,

62, 64, 67, 70–1, 81, 85–9, 92,

118-19, 151,165, 171-2, 171-

5, 189,215

Frank, Robert 14,213

Freud, Sigmund 187

Friedlander, Lee 14

G

Galt,John 139

Gladstone-Macdonald Pact

(1906) 134

Glasgow Town Council City

Improvement Trust 139

Goldie, Dr George 128, 132, 140

Gouraud, Franc;ois 43

Gramsci, Antonio 68, 88, 166

Grand Exhibition of Industry

(1855) 49

Great Exhibition (1851) 45, 49

Greenberg, Clement 19, 117

Greenwich Hospital School 82

Grierson, John 8

H

half-tone plate 56, 112, 195

Hall, Stuart 212-13

Hardy, Kier 136

Harkness, Margaret (John Law)

177

Hauron, Lois Ducos du 2

Hegel, G. W. F. 198

hegemony 62, 68, 71, 88, 173, 198

Heinroth, 0. 79

Henry, Sir Edward 7, 75

Hering, Henry 81

Herschel, Sir John 44

Hess, Hans 163

Hill, David Octavius 45

Hine, Lewis 184, 186, 190, 192-3,

195–6, 200

Hirst, Paul 116, 167

Hogarth, William 36, 193

Holbeck Social Reform Union 142

Hooper, Capt. Willoughby

Wallace 92, 217

Hoover, Herbert I 74

House and Garden 156

Housing and Town Planning Act ( 1909) 122

Housing of the Working Classes Act (1890) 125, 131, 136, 137, 142, 145


I-P

I

ideology 24-6, 69-70, 100, 105, 115–16, 159-61, 166-8, 186, 188,190,203,207,211

Ideological State Apparatuses 22, 24-5, 28-9, 68-9, 89, 166

Improvement Acts ( 1870), ( 1877),

(1893) 123

Incorporated Society of Medical

Officers of Health 129

Independent Labour Party 134-

industrialisation of photography

11-12

instrumental photography 5, I I,

20

intellectuals 31, 93-4, 206

lnternationale medizinischphotographische Monatschrift 81

J

Jackobson, Roman I 78

Jackson, William Henry 168

Johnstone, Roderick 83

K

Kautsky, Karl 177

Kautsky, Minna 177

Kerouac, Jack 206

Kodak, The 54, 56, 66

L

Lamartine, Adolphe de 109

Lancet, The 78

Lands Clauses Act ( 1845) 125

Lange, Dorothea 207-9

Lank aster, For bes 146

Lartigue, Jacques-Henri 18

law, legal institutions 6, 19-20,

97-8, 104-8, 110–16

Law,John (Margaret Harkness)

177

Lawson, E. E. 224

Lebrun, Charles 193

Lee, Russell 169, 170, 190

Leeds City Council: Education

Committee; Markets

Committee; Sanitary

Committee; Unhealthy Areas

Sub-Committee 123, 125–7,

130, 132, 137-40, 152

Leeds Ladies’ Sanitary Association

127

Leeds Literary and Philosophical

Society 127

Leeds Mercury, The 121, 123, 127

Leeds Photographic Society 139

Leeds Public Free Library 139

Lmis Slumdom 142

Le-eds Trades Council 127, 136

lei/ll:.iger Stadtanzeiger 41

Lenin, V. I. 68, 176, 178–80

Levy, Julien 157

Liberal Party 126-7

Library of Congress 168

Life 14, 156

Livett, R. A. H. 227

Lloyd, Valerie 193

Local Government Board 122, 124,

137-8, 140,143,223

London, Jack 153-4

Lupton, Frances M. 137,222,223

M

Macherey, Pierre 161, 168, 179,

188

Maguire, Tom 134

Maloney, Tom 213

Manchester Amateur Photographic

Society 139

Manet, Edouard I 02

Marshall Plan 205

Martin Eden 153

Marville, Charles 120

Marx, Eleanor I 77

Marx, Karl 68, 88, 100, 163, I 76-

7, 193

Marxism 16, 22-3, 25-8, 67-8,

177, 180,197,209

Matthewman, Alfred Ernest 142,

226

Mattison, Alfred 142, 226

McCarthyism 2, 14

means of representation see

representation

methodology 22, 32, 165

Metropolitan Police Act (1829) 73

Millbank Prison 82

Millet, Jean-Franc;:ois 207

miniatures 38–9

modernism 15,117,192

Morawski, Stefan 178

Morel, B. A. 81

Morrison, Sir Alexander 80

Mulvey, Laura 26

Munby, Arthur 92,217

Municipal Corporations Act

(1835) 73

Index

Museum of the City of New York

156, 157

Museum of Modern Art, New

York 14, 114, 157

Muybridge, Eadweard 87

N

Nadar (Gaspard Felix

Tournachon) 35-6, 50, 52-3,

114

Napoleon III see Louis Bonaparte

National Geographic Magazine 14

National Research Project of the

WPA 184

Negre, Charles Le 81, 120

New Deal 8–9, 13-14, 168, 181,

186

New Horizons in American Art ( 1936)

157

New York Daily Graphic 56

New York Sun 42

New York Tribune 56

Nietzsche, Friedrich 67, 100, 102

Nouvelle lconographie de la Salpetriere

81

O

Office of War Information 13

O’Grady,James 134

Ordnance Survey 77, 149

P

Panopticon, panopticism 7, 29, 85, 87, 192

Parliament, Select Committees of the House of Commons (1896), ( 1901); Select Committees of the House of Lords (1896), (1901) 6, 138, 142-8

Peel, Sir Robert 73

Pentonville Penitentiary 82

Petzval, Joseph 74

Philip II 201

photographic industry 37, 43-4, 48, 50, 53-4, 63, l05, 111-1’1

Photography/Politics: One 118

Photo League, The 14

physiognomy 77

physionotrace 2, 35, 39

Pickard, Charles 142, 225

Pictorialism 13, 17, 56, 58

Picture Post 213

Pine!, Philippe 80

Police Acts 73

politics, political calculation,

political institutions 27, 30–

1, 62, 71, 95, 101-2, 167, 172,

174-5, 181,189,205,211

Pollock, Griselda 118

Poor Law 62

pornography 104, 201, 203

portraiture 18, 34-59

post-market institutions 19

power, power/knowledge 6-7, 9,

21,28,59,63, 65-7,69-72,

74, 87-9, 92-3, l03, 120, 151,

171-2, 174

Primavera 56

prison records 5, 7, 63, 76-7, 82

Prison Act ( 1952) 76

Privy Council, Medical Department

ofthe 122-3

production, mode of, means of,

relations of 16-17, 19, 25, 30,

39, 47, 50, 60, 66, 73, 99, 105-

6, 113-16, 156, 165, 174

professionalisation 5, 6, 9, 20, 93,

112, 128

Proudhon, Pierre Joseph 88, 193

psychiatric photography 77-81

Pumphrey, William 139


Q-Z

Q

Quarry Hill Insanitary Area 6, 10, 121-6, 130–7

R

Raphael, Max 155-6, 227-8

Ray, Man 153

realism I, 4, 9, 22, 76, 99-101,

104, 116, 144, 154-5, 157, I 74-

83, 191-2, 203

records, record photography 6, 76,

95-8

regime of power, regime of sense,

regime of truth 6, 61, 94-5,

98–9, 101-2, 104, 107, 157,

172-3, 189, 191

Report of the Unhealthy Areas SubCommittee

( 1902-3) 139

24-1

representation 4, 9-11, 16, 23, 24-

7, 30, 32, 38, 59, 69, 99, IOI,

151, 155, 160, 165, 167-8, 174,

188–9, 197, 202, 205,209,211

Resettlement Administration I 3

resistance 92-3

Reynolds, Rev. George 85

rhetoric 11, 187-8

Richardson, Sir BC’njamin 129

Rieg!, Alois 214

Riis,Jacob 92, 120, 152,196,217

Roosevelt, Franklin D. 8, I 1-, I 86,

193

Rosales, Henry 39

Rossini, Gioacchino 36, 50

Rothstein, Arthur 175

Royal Commission on the llou􀂾i11g­

of the Working Classes ( 1885)

132

Royal Microscopical Society 97

Royal Photographic Society 15, 77

Royal Society 77, I 00

S

Sander, August 196

Sanitary Aid Society 127

Schaick, Charles Van 195

Schapiro, Meyer 22

Select Committees see Parliament

semiology, semiotics 22-3, 98, 188

Side Gallery 192

sign, signification 3, I I, 30, 37,

60, 99-I02, 107, 150, 154, 171,

187-8, 208

silhouette 39

Sloan, John 153

Slum Clearance Acts ( I 868),

(1875) 125

snapshot 34-5, 53-4, 195

Social Democratic Federation 134,

177

social formation 25-6, 63, 118,

163, 177, 189

social history of art 21-2, 117

Socialist League 134

Society of Arts 130, 136

Society for Photographing Relics of

Old London 83

Sontag, Susan 164,171,204

Spence,J o 18

Stalinism 68

Standard Oil, New Jersey 14

state,s tate apparatus 5, 9,2 9,6 1-

2, 67-71, 92, 163, 166

StedmanJones, Gareth 7

Steichen, Edward 14

Stieglitz, Alfred I 3

Stockport Ragged and Industrial

School 81-2

Strand, Paul 195

Stryker, Roy E. 14, 168-70, 174,

181-3, 192-3

subject, the theory of the 98, I 06–

7, 113—14

surveillance 5, 9, 16, 64, 173, 192

suture 20(}-J

Swift, Willie 139, 142, 149-50

Szarkowski,J ohn 14

T

Talbot, William Henry Fox 44—5, 56, 60, 112

talbotype 44—5

technology, technology of power 62-3, 7(}-1, 89, 93, 103, 192, 198

Thomson, John 92, 217

Thoresby Society 139

Three Perspectives on Photography 118

Titian 201

Tolstoy, Count Leo Nikolayevitch

176, 178-80

Tour, Georges De La 196

Tournachon, Gaspard Felix see

Nadar

Town and Country 156

truth see regime of truth

Tydings, Millard 2

U

urban planning, urbanisation 22

V

Vincennes, Imperial Asylum at 81

Vinoy, Marshal 50

W

Wandsworth Prison 82

West Midlands Police 74

wet plate see collodion process

Wilson, Edmund 130, 136–7

women’s movement, the 16

Wood, Nancy 174

Woodburytype 56

Works Progress Administration

(WPA) 156, 184

Wormald, Edmund and Joseph 141-2

XYZ

York Street Clearance Scheme 137