LaGrange, Ashley

Basic critical theory for photographers

La Grange, A. (2005) Basic critical theory for photographers. Burlington, MA: Focal Press.


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QuotesContentsIndex


Quotes

text


Contents

John Berger, Ways of Seeing

John Szarkowski, The Photographer’s Eye
and Stephen Shore, The Nature of Photographs

Susan Sontag, On Photography

Roland Barthes, Camera Lucida

Martha Rosler, In, Around and Afterthoughts (On Documentary Photography)

Abigail Solomon-Godeau, Inside/Out

Clive Scott, The Spoken Image: Photography and Language

Andy Grundberg, The Crisis of the Real

Raghubir Singh, River of Colour

Bertrand Russell, Appearance and Reality

ltalo Calvino, The Adventures of a Photographer

Poems by Felix Morisseau-Leroy and George Szirtes

Robert Adams’, John Baldessari’s and Peter Godwin’s Analysis of Particular Photographs


Index A-C

A

Abbott, Berenice, 40, 51

Abraham Photo, 188

Abstract/expressionism/ist, 32, 39, 45, 46, 52, 53, 88, 126, 134, 143-145, 153

Acquire/sition, 10, 56, 60, 74, 182

Adam and Eve, 5

Adams, Ansel, 50, 69, 133, 155,230,245

Adams, Eddie, 142

Adams, Robert, 24, 193, 195, 196, 198

Adelman, Bob, 41

Advene, 79

Advenience, 79

Adventure, 79, 133, 172, 186

Advert/ise/ment/ising/ers (see publicity), 1, 4, 7, 10-13, 21, 31, 55, 75, 82, 101, 103, 109, 110, 115, 116, 121, 129, 144, 147, 152, 227, 228, 233, 234, 239, 243

Aesthetic, 16, 21, 49, 56, 64, 65, 71-73, 82, 100, 101, 117-119, 122,123,133,139, 142, 146, 159, 160, 161, 163, 165, 171, 228, 236, 237

Africa, 198, 246

Agee, James, 41, 118

Air, 97, 98, 121, 151, 176, 191

Akeret, Robert, U., 231, 233

Akerman, Chantal, 129, 130

Alaskan, 54

Alexander the Great, 165

Alien/ation/ate, 4, 30, 35, 39, 42, 51, 62, 78, 125, 129, 160, 162, 164,178,236, 245

Allegorical, 4, 138, 179, 236, 238, 246

Amateur/ism, 16, 30, 31, 34, 37, 54, 68, 71, 76, 77, 96, 139, 172,246

America/can/s, 27, 32, 34, 36, 37, 39–41, 48, 54, 56, 67-69, 98, 113, 115, 116, 118, 119, 122, 126, 129, 132, 153-155, 167, 182, 244,246

American Civil War, 32

American West, 40

Amnesty International, 120

Analogy/ical/ous, 42, 62, 64, 88, 93, 108, 110

Analyse/is, 11, 21, 22, 50, 79, 84, 93, 98, 104, 108, 110, 123, 129, 144, 155, 166, 193, 198, 233, 238

Angst, 160, 162, 236

Animation, 79

Anthropology/ical, 93, 94, 115, 116

Antonioni, 62, 63

Aperture, 28, 120, 179, 188

Appearance, 2, 3, 59-61, 67, 96, 126, 127, 129, 130, 169, 170, 177, 184, 198

Appropriation, appropriate, 13, 26, 39, 58, 77, 131, 141, 153, 154, 156, 157, 184,228, 236, 239

Arbus,D iane,v ii,3 1,3 5-39,4 9,5 6,6 8,1 03,1 09, 114,115,119, 123-126, 160, 189-192, 245

Architecture/ural, 149, 161

Ariadne, 89, 108

Aristotle, 160

Armero, 111

Art/istic/ist/less-history market, 1–4, 6, 8, 9, 12, 13, 16–19, 21, 26, 27, 31-37, 40, 43–45, 47, 48, 50-59, 64, 68, 69, 72-74, 78, 79, 81, 84, 85, 90, 91, 96, 99, 101, 106, 109, 115, 117-119, 121-123, 126, 135-139, 143, 146, 147, 149, 150-165, 186, 194-196, 208, 236-243, 245

Asia, 165, 246

Associated Press, 117

Assume/ption/s, 2, 21, 32, 44, 48, 51, 54, 58, 60, 84, 109, 134, 140, 150, 152, 174, 197

Atget, 32, 38, 40, 46, 54, 55, 78, 141, 164,243

Aurobindo, Sri, 159

Australia, 167

Authentic/ate/ation/ity, 49, 56, 73, 92, 93, 110, 116, 129, 134, 136, 138, 139, 141, 142, 144, 156, 234

Author/ship, 15, 42, 54, 55, 73, 105, 119, 125, 139, 151-153, 156,236,238

Avant-garde, 53, 135, 155, 236

Avedon, Richard, 38, 47, 50, 51, 54, 82, 91, 96, 98, 102, 103

B

Bacon, Francis (artist), 19, 28, 58

Bacon, Francis, 67

Baldessari, John, xvii, 193, 198, 217

Baldwin, Gordon, 228, 234

Balla, 18

Ballen, Roger, 103, 122-124

Baltz, Lewis, 68

Balzac, 60

Banal/ity, 6, 33, 46, 55, 57, 69, 73, 80, 83, 99, 100, 104, 126, 152, 193, 236

Barbey, Bruno, 206

Barnardo, Dr, 57

Barney, Tina, 109

Barrett, T., 234

Barthes, Roland, viii, 21, 76-112, 136, 137, 139, 147, 182-184, 191, 233-235

Bataille, George, 165

Baudelaire, 138, 140

Bauhaus, 44, 46

Beaton, Cecil, 38

Beauty/ful/fy, 2, 5, 8, 19, 21, 26, 34, 40, 42-49, 52, 55, 56, 63, 64, 67, 69, 70, 86, 108, 118,119,123,159,163,164,174,182, 183, 194, 195

Becher, Hilla and Bernd, 22, 68

Believe/able/ity, 2, 6, 17, 27, 37, 50, 51, 87, 90, 96, 97, 99, 109, 111, 116, 118, 121,124, 134, 140, 151, 157, 169, 171, 175, 183

Bellocq, 143, 147

Benetton, 13, 121

Bengal/is, 161, 162, 165

Benjamin, Walter, 42, 48, 56, 70, 126, 129, 130, 133-135, 139, 141, 142

Benson, Richard, 22

Bergamo, Marlene, 66

Bergen-Belsen, 33

Berger, John, viii, 1-14, 21, 48, 74, 75, 101, 123, 135, 136, 243

Bergman, Ingmar, 165

Berkeley, Bishop, 170, 171

Biafra, 33, 120

Bias, 37, 57,129,130

Biff, 220, 221

Billingham, Richard, 68, 109, 146, 166, 183, CS

Binary/ism, 125, 130

Bischof, Werner, 33, 166, 203

Black, 85, 160, 161,167,173, 175-177, 181, 183, 187, 227, 245

Black and white (see monochrome), 53, 159, 160, 173, 206, 226

Blake, William, 67

Blanchot, 97

Blind Field, 86, 106, 137, 142, 143, 189, 191

Blur/red, 18, 24, 37, 41, 57, 60, 65, 68, 74, 75, 82, 191, 229

Bohemian, 120, 123

Bolivian, 48

Bolton, Richard, 113

Bonaparte, Napoleon, 76

Boubat, Edouard, 133

Boucher, Pierre, 78

Bourgeois/ie, 38, 45, 82, 163, 215, 236

Bourke-White, Margaret, 166

Bourne, Samuel, 161

Bowery, the, 113, 114, 128, 131, 157

Brady, Mathew, 17, 32

Bragaglia, Anton and Arturo, 37, 68

Brandt, Bill, 38, 46, 52, 72, 73, 101, 109, 143, 147, 160, 164, 230, 245

Braquehais, 143, 147

Brassaii, 24, 32, 36, 38, 120, 123, 160

Brazil/ian, 167, 246

Brecht, Bertolt, 34, 157, 215

British, 161, 162

Bronzino, 6

Buddhist/s, 161, 241

Burgin, Victor, 134

Burnett, David, 116, 117, 121

Burri, Rene, 209, 210

Burrows, Larry, 115, 227

Buy/er, 7, 8, 9, 10, 83, 193, 212

C

Calcutta, 164, 165

California, 122, 212, 214, 245

Callahan, Harry, 50, 52

Calvino, Italio, ix, 99, 182, 184, 186

Cambodia/ian, 108, 165

Camera35, 115

Camera Lucida, 76, 97, 105, 136, 147, 191, 234

Camera obscura, 81, 97, 135

Cameron, Julia Margaret, 52, 56, 100, 109, 116, 147

Candid, 63, 146, 236

Capa, Cornell, 240

Capa, Robert, 17, 115,117,241

Capitalist/ism, 10, 65, 75, 167, 197, 241

Caption/s, 11, 43, 48, 141, 194, 228

Caravaggio, 236

Carel!, Ghitta, 38

Carroll, Lewis, 38, 109

Cartier-Bresson,H enri,1 9,3 8,4 6,4 9-53,5 6-57, 69-70, 72-73, 101, 120, 123, 134, 146, 159, 160, 166, 183-185, 204,238,241, 242, 244, 245

Casare, Bioy, 133

Catholicism, 89

Censor/ed/ship, 82, 243

Central American, 54

Chadwick, Helen, 110

Chagall, Marc, 159

Cham bi, Martin, IOI, 167

Chance, 27, 48, 53, 83, 104, 133, 138-140, 181

Charity, 3, 113

Chaudhuri, 166

Cherokee, 117

Children, 41, 57, 63, 71, 85, 89, 123, 145, 173, 182, 185, 188,212,233

Chile/an/s, 116, 122, 165

China/ese, 38, 49, 62-65, 74, 75, 165, 167, 246

Christian, 161

Christo, 58

Chromatic (also see colour), 162, 236

Cinema/tic, 60, 76, 90, 91, 93, 99, 129, 130, 165

Clark, Kenneth, 6, 12, 160

Clark, Larry, 115, 126-128

Class, 38, 39, 65, 68, 76, 113, 118, 161, 167, 233, 236

Cliche/d, 46, 63, 64, 197,237,241

Clifford, Charles, 83

Close up, 20, 77, 83

Coburn, Alvin Langdon, 52, 147

Code/s/d, en-, de-, un-, 60, 74, 85, 86, 93, 100, 110, 135-137, 141-143, 150, 160,234

Cole, Ernest, 109, 168

Coleman, A.D., 70, 121, 131

Colonise/ize/ation/ism, 125, 134, 237, 240

Colour/fol color (also see chromatic), 9, 22, 24, 53, 58, 63, 68, 71, 72, 91,120,121,123,127, 143, 146, 147, 149, 159-161, 163-167, 169,

170,173, 176 183,196, 226 229,233,234, 236, 237

Colouratura, 164

Commerce/ial/isation,4 ,1 1,4 7,5 8,1 15,1 98,2 42

Compose/ition, 8, 16, 23, 46, 47, 55, 56, 58, 70, 73, 83, I 04, 174, 240

Conceal/ed/s, 19, 83, 96,111,140,144,198

Concentration camp, 33, 66, 72

Conceptual art, 154

Concern/ed, 4,6 ,2 1,3 3,4 2,4 8,5 4,5 7,5 9,6 6,7 0, 91, 108, 114, 123, 126, 142, 146, 151, 156, 157, 198, 226, 239-241

Congo, 246

Conscience, 33, 34, 39, 66, 113, 114

Consume/r/ist/ism/ption, I, 7-9, 37, 49, 59, 60, 65, 74, 100, 116, 120, 131, 154, 237

Contemporary, 4, 9, 28, 40, 49, 53, 54, 56, 59, 66-68, 92, 115, 121, 124, 132, 146, 151, 157, 158, 161, 163, 164, 166, 228,237,240

Context/ual/ise de-, I, 4, 20, 22, 30, 32, 41, 44, 47, 48, 55, 65, 66, 70, 94, 95, l l 8, 131, 144, 153,154,188, 226 229,231,237

Convention/al/s, 6, 12, 19, 26, 41, 45, 46, 117, 135-137, 143, 147, 152, 176, 177, 181, 184, 245

Cooper, Rob, 196, C6

Copernicus, 150

Coplans, John, 12

Correa, Charles, 166

Cowan, Eileen, I 52

Craft/sman, 19, 20, 161, 165

Crimp, David, 150, 155

Critic/ism/al/s, I, 16, 21, 22, 42, 49, 57, 70, 77, 82, 102, 103, 106, 121, 123, 125, 126, 129-131, 140, 149, 150, 151, 155-158, 186,187,192,193, 22d 227,228,234, 237-240, 246, 247

Critique, 82, 102, 103, 155

Crop/ed/ping/s, 18, 46, 63, 152, 154, 155, 212, 227,237

Culture/s/ural, 6, 7, 9, 10, 19, 21, 37, 38, 40, 53, 63, 65, 75, 77, 78, 80, 81, 85, 93, 101, 115, 129, 150-153, 155, 156, 159-163, 165-166 176,229,231,237,238

Cunningham, Imagen, 230

Cupid, 6

Curtis, Edward S., 115, 116

Curtis, James, 123


D-H

D

da Vinci, Leonardo, 4, 165

Dachau, 33

Daguerre/otype, 52, 81

Dance, 149, 162, 165, 178

Darkroom, 67, 133, 171, 172, 180

David, Jacques-Louis, 160

Davidson, Bruce, 38, 115

Dawkins, Richard, 158

De Lorca, Phillip, 185, 186

de Saussure, Ferdinand, 137, 143, 150, 244, 245

DeLillo, 165

Dealer/s, 149

Death, 41, 62, 78, 81, 87, 89, 92-95, 98, 101, 102, 108, 111, 116, 136, 152, 156, 159, 160, 193, 194, 196,200

Decisive moment, 19, 20, 238, 244

Deconstruction/ism, 150, 234, 238, 244

Degradation, 115

Delacroix, Eugene, 58, 139, 163

Demachy, Robert, 57

Democratic/racy/ise, 10, 11, 13, 26, 36, 46, 69, 162, 164, 197, 198, 238, 246

Demystify, 34

Depression, the, 114, 122, 239

Derrida, Jacques, 150, 151, 238

Detail, 16, 17, 20, 27, 28, 40, 46, 58, 60, 68, 70, 81, 83-86, 95, 99, 104-106, 137, 139, 156, 157,172,211, 226-228, 237,241,245

Deviant, 125

Dhaka, 111

Dialectical, 117, 236, 238, 239

Didactic, 64, 139, 238, 239

Difference/s, 9, 12, 35, 45, 51, 54, 57, 62, 64, 74, 90, 91, 97, 100, 108, 126-128, 138, 139, 143, 146, 152, 159-161, 167, 182, 185, 188, 189, 191, 238

Digital/ly/isation, 27, 109, 110, 133, 141, 171

Distortion/s/ed, 6, 19, 30, 229, 230

Diwali, 161

Documentary/tion, 17, 27, 38, 39, 41, 43, 49, 53, 58, 62, 64, 68, 70, 75, 109, 110, 113-126, 134, 135, 138, 140, 143, 144, 146, 147, 189, 230, 239, 240, 244

Doisneau, Robert, 103

Dostoevsky, Fyodor (alternative spelling, Dostoyevsky), 160

Duality/ism, 79, 80, 83, 104, 125, 126, 128, 129

Dubois, Phillipe, 139, 140

Duchamp, Marcel, 18, 53, 165

Dumanoir, Allee, 116

Duncan, David, Douglas, 115

Diirer, Albrecht, 6

E

Eagleton, Terry, 150, 151

Eakin, Thomas, 54

East (geo-political), 163

Edgerton, Harold, 18, 44, 52, 81, 90, 230

Eidos, 78, 86

Elegiac, 32

Eliot, T. S., 56, 164

Emerson, Peter Henry, 21,2 4,1 39,2 08

Empathy/etic, 41, 42, 114, 125,160,236

Envy/able/ous, 7, 8, 10, 13

Enyeart, James, 21

Elfahrung, 142

Erlebnis, 142

Erotic/a, 46, 83, 86, 128

Erwitt, Elliot, 103, 109, 116,121,204

Establishment, 149, 157

Ethics, 30, 125, 185, 239

Ethnic, 69, 166-168

Ethnographical, 81

Eurocentric, 163

Europe (Central), 84

European/s,5 ,6 ,3 9,4 0,1 04,1 54,1 59,1 61,1 63, 167, 244

Evans, Walker, 25, 35, 36, 39, 41, 52, 57, 67, 115, 118, 119, 154, 157, 159,164,200, 206,211,218,219,241

Evans, William M., 17, 27

Evident/ial/ce, 93, 98, 99, 110, 132, 136, 169, 173, 177, 184

Evil, 161

Exotic, 36, 62

Exploit/ation, 28, 32, 65, 118, 143, 147, 154, 174, 226, 242

Expose, 114

Expose/ing/ure, 20, 24, 33, 47, 53, 62, 78, 113, 115, 118, 122, 127, 133, 140, 229, 230, 245

Eye, 3, 5, 15, 19, 25, 45, 46, 67, 71, 81, 84, 85, 98, 99, 116, 123, 129, 130, 134, 139, 159, 162, 163, 165, 169, 170, 178, 226, 229, 232, 246

F

f64 (group), 57

Fabricate/d, 93, 94, 116

Fake/d, 57, 58, 106, 138

False, 4, 11, 35, 43, 49, 57, 64, 87, 96, 100, 107, 176, 182, 243

Family of Man, 35

Fantasy, 31, 86, 144, 160, 191

Farm Security Administration (FSA), 30, 39, 57, 117,122,123,239,240

Fashion/s, 36, 55, 64, 84, 87, 93, 106, 127, 143, 144, 147, 148, 155, 177, 181,191,229

Fellini, Federico, 99

Fenton,R oger,2 00

Feuerbach, Anselm, 59, 60, 74

Film and Photo League, I 14, 239

Flaneur, 38

Flash, 47, 70,105,113,122,123,180,229

Focus, 23-25, 28, 45, 55, 56, 70, 121, 131, 175, 229

Folk, 158, 161

Form/al/ism/ist, 2, 3, 5, 6, 12, 16, 19-23, 25, 26, 30, 31, 43-47, 50-52, 54-56, 59, 60, 69, 71-74, 77, 78, 101, 105, 109, 117-119, 122, 135, 144, 149, 152, 154, 155, 159, 179, 186, 200,226,240,245

Found object/s, 36, 40, 53, 105

Fournier, Frank, 111

Frame, 16, 18, 20, 21, 23, 25, 27, 28, 86, 119, 135, 137, 140, 143, 165, 166,180,229, 237, 238

Franck, Martine, 163,2 05, 209

Frank, Robert, 22, 36, 37, 39, 40, 46, 49, 51, 52, 69, 119, 129, 130, 155, 160, 164

Freak/s, 36, I 14

Freeman, Michael, 141

French, 82, 116, 155

Freud, Lucian, 12

Freud, Sigmund, 150

Friedlander, Lee, 12, 119, 123, 124, 155, 164

Friedman, Benno, 57

Future, 7, 9, 10, 13, 18, 62, 83, 93, 95, 97, 101, 102, 111, 134, 161, 175, 178

Futurist photography, 147

G

Gage, John, 160

Gallery/ies, 4, 55, 56, 114, 119, 138, 141, 146, 162, 208, 226

Galton, Francis and Mohamed, 98, 103

Gandhi, Mahatma, 112

Gardino, Flor, 68

Gardner, Alexander, 95, 111, 199

Genius/es, 90, 109, 156, 162, 164

Genre 73, 110,143, 146 147, 148,158,229,233

Genthe, Arnold, 38

German/y, 31, 39, 72, 75, 82,108,242

Ghatak, 165

Ghetto/s, 41

Giacomelli, Mario, 11, 73, 230

Gibson, Ralph, 230

Gilbert and George, 165

Gilden, Bruce, 84, 101, 123, 124,218

Glamour/ous, 7, 8, 10, 13, 154

Godard, 48, 70, 88

Godwin, Peter, 193, 196, 198

Goldblatt, David, 168

Goldin, Nan, 68, 109, 126-128, 146, 183, 185, 242

Gombrich, E.H., 59

Gorin, 48, 70

Gowin, Emmet, 109, 185

Goya, 123

Graham, Dan, 126, 129, 130

Greek/s, 89, 103

Greenpeace, 120

Griffiths, Phillip Jones, 120, 142

Groover, Jan, 24

Grundberg, Andy, ix, 69, 107, 132, 149-158, 186

Guardian, The, 71

Guevara, Che 48

Guilt 115, 160-63, 189

Gupta, R.P. 165

Gursky Andre 227

H

Haas Ernst, 230

Haeberle. Ron. 142

Haiku. 161

Hals Frans. 3

Halsman. Phillipe, 230

Hawarden. Lady Clementina, 109

Hawthorne. 17

Heartfield. John, 37, 157, 215, 230, 238

Heinecken. Robert, 154

Hero/ ic/ ism, 34, 35, 43, 44, 45, 49, 61, 68, 69, 121. 149

Heron. Liz, 70

Hill and Adamson, 57

Hill. Paul, xv, xvii

Hindu s. 161, 162, 164, 165, 167,241

Hine. Lewis, 27, 36, 39, 48, 56, 62, 66, 70, 85, 86, 109, 113, 118, 122, 216

History/ical/ies, 2-4, 9, 16, 20, 32, 35, 37, 40-43, 49, 53, 57, 63-65, 77-79, 82, 87, 91, 93, 94, 101-103, 115, 117, 118, 121, 122, 126, 138, 140, 143, 146, 150, 162, 177, 228-230, 231, 234

Hockney, David, 26, 154, 230

Hollywood, 154, 165

Hong Kong, 165

Hosoe, Eikoh, 230

Houlberg, Marilyn, 188

Hughes, Jim, 131

Human Rights Watch, 120

Humanism/ist, 6, 34, 35, 38, 49, 125, 163-165, 240

Hungary, 84

Hunt/er/ing, 38,114,121,137,176,177, 183, 184

Hunter, Tom, 121, 183, Cl

Hurn, David, 211

Hussein, Saddam, 132


I-P

I

Icon Books, 235

lcon/ic, 123, 137-148, 234, 235, 240, 244, 245

Iconography, 173, 196

Identity, 26, 78 etc

Ideolect, 135

Illusion/s, 17, 23, 26, 27, JOO, 127, 128, 149,

151, 160, 236

Image/s, 1-16, 19-27, 29-33, 36, 37, 43, 45, 46, 48, 49, 53-55, 58-66, 71, 74–80, 84–90, 93, 94, 96, 97, 99-101, 104, 105, 107, 109, 111, 114–124,1 27-129, 134–150, 152-157, 159, 163, 166, 171, 177, 179-181, 184, 185, 188, 189, 191, 193, 195, 197, 198, 226–231, 233,234, 236-245, 247

Immoral, 160

Immortal, 117

Imperial/ist/ious/ism, 31, 128, 129, 130, 240

Impressionism/istic, 44, 157

Inauthentic, 115

lndex/ical, 240, 244, 245

India/n, 40, 116, 120, 159-167, 203, 204, 246

Indians (Native Americans), 39, 40, 115, 116

Individual/istic, 2, 6, 10, 34, 44, 53, 54, 58, 64, 65, 72, 73, 89, 98, 100, 136, 142, 151, 156, 159, 227, 245

Inside/r, 36, 63, 68, 125-132, 146, 155

Intention/s, 37, 39, 41, 50, 54, 70, 80, 85, 105, 106, 126, 127, 141, 151, 152, 156, 174, 177, 184, 228, 247

Inte1fuit, 90

Interpret/ation, 22, 30, 48, 66, 105, 106, 123, 124,

144, 157, 158,229,231

Intersum, 90

Intuitive/tion, 50, 105, 164

Iranian, 165

Irma, Deborah, 185

Irony/ic, 41-43, 52, 59, 94, 105, 118, 149,

176,177,241

Islamic, 160

J

Jain, 165, 241

Jameson, Frederic, 151

Janouch, 85

Japan/ese, 31, 47, 115, 121, 161, 165, 246

Jarr, Alfredo, 165

Jencks, Charles, 149

Jew/ish, 36

Johns, Jasper, 160

Journalist/ism, 43, 48, 96, 113, 118,131,242

Judaism, 159

Judeo-Christian, 159

Junk, 164, 176

Juxtapose/iton, 4, 13, 20, 238

K

Kafka, 85

Kailas temples, 161

Kandinsky, Wassily, 160

Kapoor, Anish, 166

Karsh, Yousuf, 101, 183

Keita, Seydo, 165, 189

Kerouac, Jack, 40

Kertesz, Andre, 46, 82, 84, 85, 92, 98, 105, 106, 120, 123, 143, 147, 159,163,227

Kiarostami, Abbas, 165

Kissinger, Henry, 112

Kitsch, 42, 43, 53, 237, 241

Klein, William, 72, 81, 84, 104–106

Klinger, Max, 143, 147

Kodak, 139, 187, 188

Korean War, 32

Kotah, 161, 165

Kouchner, Bernard, 71

Koudelka, Josef, 167, 205, 210

Krauss, Rosalind, 133, 151

Kruger, Barbara, 109, 157,227,230,237

Krull, Germaine, 78

Krupp, 34

Kushner, 74

L

la Grange, Ashley, xi,x iii,x iv,2 07,C 3

Lange, Dorothea, 51, 52, 67, 69, 109, 115, 117, 118, 122, 212-214, 240

Langford, Michael, 226, 234

Language, 21, 56, 58, 73, 79, 92, 99, 110, 125, 129, 133-138, 141, 143-145, 147, 150-152, 161, 164,167,238,244, 245

Larkin, Philip, 137

Lartigue, Jacques-Henri, 38, 68, 92, 103, 109, 133, 134, 183, 191, 192

Lategan, Barry, 143, 147

Laughlin, Clarence John, 40, 52

Lawler, Louise, 153

Lawrence, D. H., 45

Lawson, Thomas, 152

Le Querrec, Guy, 133, 134

Lee, Russell, 115

Left/wing, the, 118, 125

Leibovitz, Annie, 101, 183, 185

Leica, 31

Lennon, John, 185

Lesy, Michael, 41

Levine, Sherri, 11, 153, 156, 157, 186

Levit,H elen,2 3

Liberal/ism, 100, 113, 114, 120

Lie/s, 4, 17, 20, 27, 36, 43, 52, 59, 92, 110, 138

Life, 82, 104, 129, 227

Lindberg, 143, 147

Lodi, Khan Jahan, 160

London, 38, 137, 165, 199, 208, 215

London, Barbara and Upton, John, 228, 229

Louvre, 4

Lumumba, Patrice, 111

Lyon, Danny, 115, 118

Lyotard, Jean-Francois, 155

M

Magazine/s, 10-14, 17, 27, 79, 91, 100, 104, 114–116, 118, 121, 129, 152, 154, 239, 241, 244

Magic, 60, 61, 133, 136, 190

Magnum, 57,163, 202-206, 209-211, 217,218, 241, C4

Magubane, Peter, 168

Mahabharata, 160, 164

Mali/an, I 65, 189

Man Ray, 37, 55, 68, 147, 185, 244, 245

Mandela, Nelson, 112, 198

Manet, 7

Manipulate/ive/ing, 114, 123, 140

Mann, Sally, 12, 109, 183, 185

Mantegna, Andrea, 48

Mapplethorpe, Robert, 81, 83, 85, 86, I 00

Marden, Brice, 160

Marey, Ettienne, 96

Marginalized, 118

Mark, Mary Ellen, 109, 166

Marker, Chris, 41

Martin, Paul, 38

Marx/ist/ism, 43, 48, 149, 150, 163,241

Masaccio, 163, 194

Mask/s, 82, 98, 102, 103, 152, 177, 184, 197, 198

Materialism, 8

Matisse, 163

Matter, 16, 17, 30, 35, 42, 45-47, 53-56, 58, 59, 64-67, 69, 70, 73, 76, 122, 126, 127, 145, 151, 153, 157, 170, 171, 180, 185, 193, 196

McCarthy, Senator Joseph, 240

McCullin, Don, 14, 33, 66, 71, 106, 115, 120, 142, 166, 203, 230

McLuhan, Marshall, 59

Meaning/s, 1-4, 7, 11, 14, 15, 17, 19, 21-23, 26, 27,3 4,3 9,4 7,48,5 9,6 3,64,7 0,7 1,7 9,8 2, 92, 97, 102, 103, 105, 110, 113, 114, 117-119, 122, 123, 127, 130, 131, 136, 139, 141-144, 147, 150-153, 162, 176, 177, 180, 181,184,185,230,231,238,240,241,247

Medecins Sans Frontieres, 71, 120

Media/ium, 7, 11, 12, 16, 21, 26, 51, 53, 58, 59, 84, 91, 99, 118, 130, 133, 136, 149, 151, 153, 154, 156, 157, 165, 166,197,233,238, 241-243, 246

Mediterranean, 8, 83

Meiselas, Susan, 66, 115, 195, 196, 217

Melancholy/ic, 40, 68, 91, 93, 102

Memory/ies, 31, 61, 74, 84, 94, 104, 134, 136, 139, 143, 147, 160, 172, 178, 182, 220, 232

Metaphore/ic/ical/s, 90, 142

Metaphysical, 92, 110

Metzner, Sheila, 230

Meville, 61

Michals, Duane, 27, 54, 84, 110, 230, 242

Middle Ages, 2, 95

Middle class, 38, 236

Mili, Gjon, 18

Miller, Lee, 185

Mimic/ry, 115, 127, 152

Minamata, 47, 48, 115, 120, 146

Minimalism, 150, 161

Minkkinen, Arno, 12

Misrach, Richard, 68, 158

Mizoguchi, 165

Mock/ery, 36, 62

Model/s, 6, 8, 25, 26, 38, 72, 89, 96, 109, 158, 176, 211

Model, Lisette, 39

Modern/ism/ist, I, 4, 7, 10, 12, 30, 35, 37, 38, 42, 43, 45, 46, 52, 53, 55, 57-59, 61, 63, 64, 69, 72, 75, 94, 119, 134, 135, 139, 149-158, 161-165, 175, 176, 179, 227, 242

Moghul, 159

Moholy-Nagy, Laszlo, 37, 44, 51, 52, 68, 72,

134, 145, 154

Moment, 5, 7, 19, 20, 24, 26, 32, 51, 53, 76, 78, 86, 117, 118, 141, 142, 174, 175, 181, 182, 198, 238, 244, 245

Monetary, I

Monochrome (see Black and White), 17, 22, 123, 127, 143, 146, 147, 160, 166, 167, 226, 227, 229, 237

Montage/s, 17, 27, 40

Moon, Sarah, 230

Moral/ity/ism/istic, 3, 5, 10, 32, 33, 35, 36, 39, 41, 43, 46, 48, 63, 64, 69, 77, 84, 98, 114, 123, 125, 134, 142, 146, 160, 163, 239

Morisseau-Leroy, Felix, ix, 187, 189

Morocco, 163

Mortal/ity, 32, 41, 57, 94, 101

Move/ment (2 meanings), 18, 22, 24, 39, 63, 69, 72, 104, 139, 172, 178, 229, 230, 245

Movement, 36, 45, 104, 154, 238, 242, 245

Movie/s, 3, 41, 61, 193, 194, 153

Moving image/s, 30, 32

Muckraking, 113, 242

Mugabe, Robert, 112, 196, C6

Mukwazhi, Tsvangirayi, 208

Mummendey, Dietrich, 111

Murray, John, 161

Museum of Modern Art (MOMA), 119

Museum/s, 35, 40, 49, 53, 54, 56, 57, 114, 119, 141,162,226

Muslims, 167

Mussolini, 38, 112

Muybridge, Eadweard, 19, 39, 54, 96

My Lai, 142

Mystify, 4, 242

Myth/ology/ist, 83, 113, 116, 144, 151, 155

N

Naive, 41, 56, 83, 88

Nabokov, 62

Nadar, 50, 64, 82, 86, 96, 98, 103, 108, 183

Naipaul, V. S., 165, 166

Naked, 5, 6, 12, 137, 170, 179, 185

Narayan, R. K., 165, 166

Narrative, 17, 19, 20, 27, 54, 119, 149, 165, 236,242,244

Nataraja, 165

National Gallery, 4

Nationalist/ism, 162

Nazi/s, 33, 39, 66, 82

Negative, 13, 17, 22, 115, 116, 122, 130, 131, 138, 140, 236, 237, 239, 240, 241, 244, 246, 247

Negative space, 194, 229

Nehru, Jawaharlal, 166

New Deal, The, 114

New Guinea, 115

New Objectivity, 57, 104, 242, 245

New York Times, 116,118

New York, 82, 113, 165, 216, 218

New Zealand, 167

Newhall, Beaumont, 149

News, 10, 13, 14, 33, 71, 83, 114, 117, 121, 181, 196, 240, 244

Newspaper/s, 14, 33, 41, 79, 114, 118, 152, 181, 226,227,236,239,241

Newton, Helmut, 143, 147

Nhem, Ein, 108, 111, 165

Nicaragua, 79, 80, 83, 196

Niepce, Joseph Nicephore, 60, 74, 93

Nihilism/istic, 162, 242

Nilsson, Lennart, 52

Nixon, Nicholas, 101

Noeme, 90, 91, 93, 95, 96, 99, 109, 139

Non-Western, 167, 246

Norfolk, Simon, 68

North Americans, 31

Nostalgia/ic, 9, 32, 47, 175, 177

Nude/s/ity, 1, 5-7, 11, 12, 44, 46, 54, 72, 78, 143, 144, 147, 148, 185, 242

O

O’Keefe, Georgia, 185

Oberholzer, Obie, 168

Object/ivity/fy/fied, 1, 3, 5, 6, 8, 12, 21, 22, 30, 48, 53, 55, 57, 58, 60, 64, 65, 76-78, 83, 84, 89, 91, 93, 97, 99, 104, 110, 113, 125, 126, 127, 136, 146, 150, 152, 170, 176, 242, 245

Object-as-nothing, 99

Objets trouves, 36

Occident, 37

Olympia, 7

Operator/s, 77, 81, 83, 90, 96, 102

Oppression, 55, 114, 120

Oriental, 18, 81

Origina!/s/ity, 2, 4, 11, 41, 42, 52, 56, 58-60, 71, 74, 110, 116, 118, 126, 127, 129, 139, 151, 153, 156, 163,167,226, 227, 238, 242, 243

Outside/r, 21, 35, 36, 39, 68, 82, 86, 97, 98, 103, 125, 126, 128-131, 155, 167, 173, 179

Ownership, I, 30, 78, 118

Ozu, 165

P

Page, Tim, 142

Painters/ing, I, 3-9,1 1-13,1 6-19, 30,3 1,4 3-45, 52-54, 56-58, 62,69, 73, 81,91, 92,99, 104, 135, 137-141, 143, 146, 147, 150, 152, 153, 160-162, 165, 194, 236, 240

Pakistan, 165

Palinode, 86, 87, 106, 242

Pandora, 144

Paradox/ical, 50, 98

Paris, 163, 165

Parody, 62, 151

Parr, Martin, 72, 104, 109, 166, 185, 241, C4

Parsons, John, 144

Past, 2, 3, 8-10, 12, 18, 31, 33, 37, 38, 40-42, 52, 56, 57, 61, 62, 64, 89-93, 95, 99, 100-102, 109-111, 114, 115, 117, 136, 137, 142, 151

Pastiche, 151, 154

Pater, 59

Pathos 33, 37, 47, 68, 79, 93,102,243

Payne, Lewis, 95, 111, 199

Peirce, C. S., 138, 143, 150, 244, 245

Penn, Irving, 55, 73, 115

Perception/tual, 23, 44, 45, 79, 98, 129, 130, 141,

143, 146, 150

Perspective/s, 3, 8, 16, 45, 81, 82, 93, 126, 132, 135, 161, 191,198,229,231

Peruvian, 167

Pessimist/ically/ism, 36, 155

Pfahl, John, 155

Phenomenologist/gy, 79, 99, 243

Phillips, Christopher, 72

Philosophy/ er/ical, 10, 21, 130, 138, 150, 155, 158, 160, 164, 169,172,236,238,240,241, 243-245

Photo-Realism, 45

Photo-Secession, 57

Photogram, 134, 135, 144, 145, 147

Photographic seeing, 45, 55, 56, 63, 69, 134, 145

Photojournalism/ist/montage, 47, 54, 71, 72, 131, 144, 147, 163, 166, 229, 239

Physiognomy, 82, 99, 103

Picasso, Pablo, 54, 58, 236

Pictorial/ist, 12, 57, 160, 163, 241

Picture Post, 242

Pinochet, General, 112, 122

Pity, 99, 189, 243

Plato/nic, 59, 65, 72, 75

Pluralism, 150, 151

Poem/try/t/tic, 32, 45, 56, 58, 87, 107, 137, 164, 188, 189, 192, 238, 242

Pol Pot, 111, 112

Polaroid, 52

Polish, 41, 92

Politics/tical, 4, 10, 33-35, 48, 59, 65, 74, 78, 80, 92, 114, 117, 119, 120, 125, 127, 128, 131, 154, 165, 167, 196-198, 237,238, 240-242

Polke, Sigmar, 21

Poor, 16, 38, 39, 40, 47, 55, 56, 70, 73, 106, 113-116, 118, 122, 154, 174, 187, 240, 246, 247

Pop Art, 53

Pornography, 86, 144, 147, 148

Port-au-Prince, 188

Portrait/s/ture, 3, 4, 38, 41, 47, 51, 55, 57, 59, 61, 62, 64, 75, 78, 82, 84-86, 88, 90, 91, 96, 98, 100, 101, 103, 105-110, 112,115,129,135, 143, 144, 147, 152, 162, 165, 175, 177, 179, 183-185, 187, 188, 198, 238

Portuguese, 167

Pose, 17, 19, 63, 72, 77, 90, 94, 98, 100, 105, 110, 176, 177, 184, 188

Possession, 32, 40, 60-62, 74, 129, 137, 140, 172, 180, 182, 185

Post-modern/ism/ist, 69, 128, 132, 149-158, 164, 186, 236

Post-structuralist/ism, 151, 152

Postmodern/ism/ist, I 07, 149-158, 222

Pound, Ezra, 164

Poussin, Nicolas, 161

Poverty, 10, 17, 30, 38,48, 113,114,116,118, 120, 188

Prague, 31

Predator/y, 32, 39, 40, 52

Present, 6, 7, 9, II, 12, 18, 20, 41, 61, 62, 88, 90, 102, 112, 114, 126, 134, 142, 151, 155, 169, 175, 178,186,232,238

Prick, 80, 84

Primitive, 46, 52, 54, 59, 60, 61, 72, 77, 81, 85, 101, 243

Prince, Richard, 152, 153, 156

Private, 9, 36, 38, 59, 65, 78, 95, 96, 127, 173, 181, 185,242

Privilege/d, 3, 36, 113, 128, 174

Professional/ly, 72, 76, 96, 101, 139, 172

Prometheus, 144

Propaganda, 39,239,243

Protestant, 89

Proust/ian, 61, 74, 87, 99, 107

Psychological, 37, 114, 141, 143, 145, 147, 160, 231

Publicity (also see advertising), 1, 7-10, 12, 13, 101, 193, 243

Punctum, 21,8 0,8 1,8 3-6,9,102,104,105,106, 108, l l l , 136, 137, 139, 140, 142, 145, 184

Pure/ist/ism, 82, 95, 102, 103, 151, 154, 155, 227,239,245


Q-Z

Q

R

Rajput, 159

Ramayana, 164

Rasas, 160

Rauschenberg, Robert, 21

Ray, Satyajit, 160-165

Real/ity, 1, 2, 5, 7, 9, 10, 12, 17-21, 23, 24, 27, 30, 31, 33, 34, 36-39, 40-45, 47-49, 51, 52, 54, 57-67, 69, 74, 75, 78, 83, 85, 90-93, 95, 97, 99, 100, 102-104, 106, 107, 109, 110, 111, 113, 118-120, 123, 128, 132-140, 142-144, 146, 151, 154, 155, 164, 166, 169-172, 174, 175, 182, 185, 186,231,236, 237, 241, 243

Reciprocal, 2

Reddy, Ravindra, 165

Redon, Odilon, 143, 147

Reductionism/ist, 33, 77, 150, 243

Referent/ce, 8, 28, 33, 72, 76, 77, 81, 84, 90-93, 96, 109, 120, 121, 137-139, 141, 144, 155, 194

Reform, 21, 113, 114

Rejlander, Oscar, 17, 26, 57, 138

Religious/osity/n, 4, 59, 89, 92, 94, 95, 164, 165, 194, 240, 244

Rembrandt, 48, 236

Renaissance, 3, 5, 9, 135

Renger-Patzsch, Albert, 44, 57, 104

Rephotography, 152

Reportage, 98, 134, 142, 145, 146, 161,227, 239, 241, 242, 244

Represent/ation, 2, 30, 40, 45, 50, 81, 90, 93, 95, 103, 109, 110, 126-131, 136-138, 142, 146,152,154,174,231,238

Resemblance, 96-98, 112

Richter, Gerhard, 28, 126

Right/wing, the, 119, 240

Riis, Jacob, 38, 40, 47, 66, 70, 113, 118, 122, 123,131,216

Riley II, Charles A., 160

Rilke, 94

Robin, Marie-Monique, 71, 111

Robinson, Henry Peach, 17, 26, 52, 57, 109, 138

Robinson, Walter, 152

Rodchenko, Alexander, 28, 37, 74, 75, 147, 230, 246

Rodger, George, 70, 241

Rodin, 165

Ronis, Willy, 145

Rosenfeld, Paul, 50

Rosier, Martha, vii, ix, 69, 113-126, 128, 131, 157, 192

Rossetti, Dante Gabriel, 144

Ruff, Thomas, 108

Ruisdael, 161

Rumania, 84

Ruscha, Ed, 126, 129, 130, 154,246

Rushdie, Salman, 166

Russell, Bertrand, ix, 67, 169-171

Russians, 81, I 04, 105

S

Sabattier effect (alternative spelling Sabatier), 244

Saigon, 142

Salgado, Sebastiao, 66, 70, 121, 124, 167, 240

Salzmann, August, 95

Sander, August, 39, 40, 41, 67, 75, 82, 100, 103, 109, 183, 184, 199

Sapporo, 31

Sartre, Jean-Paul, 79, 93, 97

Satori, 85, 106

Saville, Jenny, 12

Science/tific/ist, 17, 39, 40, 43, 44, 46, 58, 59, 65, 67, 82, 88, 102, 103, 108-110, 132, 150, 157

Scott, Clive, ix, 133-148, 244

Scottish, 57

Sculpture/s/or, 149, 150,165,241

See/ing, 1-7, 11-14, 16, 17, 19-27, 30-35, 37-40, 42-48, 50, 51, 53, 55-58, 60-64, 66-72, 74-76, 78, 80-82, 84-88, 91-93, 95-99, 101-103, 105, 107, 108, 110, 111, 113, 115, 117-119, 121-123, 126, 127, 129-140, 145, 147, 148, 150, 152-157, 159, 160, 167, 169, 170, 172, 174-176, 180-183, 185, 186, 188, 190, 191, 193, 195, 196, 198,226,227,231,232,234,240,246

Seine, 145

Self-expression/vity, 51, 133, 135, 141, 143, 147

Semiology/ical/ist, 82, 93, 103, 125, 136, 137, 234, 244, 245

Semiotic/s, 137, 138, 143, 150, 154,234,235, 240, 244

Sensation/alist, 25, 78, 113, 129, 130, 170, 242

Sense/s, 4-7, 9, 15, 19, 20, 27, 31-33, 35, 39, 43, 44, 47, 49, 55, 60, 61, 63, 65, 67, 72, 87, 94, 102-104, 106, 107, 117, 137, 139, 142-147, 150, 151, 154, 155, 157, 159-161, 163, 165, 166, 169, 170, 171, 174, 180, 183, 185, 232, 236, 240, 242, 243

Sense-data, l 70, 171

Sentimental/ity, 34, 36, 41, 46, 53, 79, 115, 116, 164, 177,183,241

Sex/ist/ism/ual/uality, 6, 8, 9, 38, 45, 65, 83, 86, 126-128, 193, 242, 247

Seymour, David, 241

Sherman, Cindy, 21, 101, 103, 146, 152, 156

Shock, 10, 33, 81, 83, 106 142

Shore, Stephen, viii, 15, 21-29, 66, 73, 158

Sign, 76, 79, 80, 84, 85, 90, 95, 137, 138, 141, 144, 146-148, 150, 155, 162,240, 244-246

Signify/ier/ied, 76, 81, 82, 102, 103, 118, 136, 137, 141, 143, 146, 150,244,245

Sikander, Shazia, 165

Simmons, Laurie, 152, 246

Simonpiertri, Christian, 111

Singh, Dayanita, 109

Singh, Raghubir, ix, xvii, 109, 120, 147, 159-168, C2

Siodmak, Robert, 41

Sischy, Ingrid, 70, 121

Siskind, Aaron, 46, 52, 56

Slums, 115

Smith, Aileen Mioko, 115, 121

Smith, W. Eugene, 47, 66, 70, 115, 120, 131, 146, 202, 242

Snapshot/s,s nap shooters, happy snapper,1 6,5 4, 63,1 09, Il l ,1 34,1 35,1 38, 139, 141, 143, 145, 147, 175, 177, 180, 183,184,219,228

Snowdon, Lord, 141

Social/ogical types, 3, 5, 11, 27, 31, 32, 34, 36, 38, 39, 43, 49, 56, 61, 65, 69, 77, 78, 82, 84, 91, 93, 94, 113, 114, 117-121, 123, 125, 128, 131, 142, 146, 150, 152, 155, 167, 175-177, 179, 183,184,229, 233,237,239, 240,242

Society, 1, 3, 4, 7, 9, 10, 33, 35, 36, 39, 40, 42, 43,47, 59,60, 62, 64, 65, 74, 75, 78, 80, 82, 94,99, 100,102,103,119,123,126,156,158, 163, 167, 181,234,237,238

Solarisation/Solarization, 38, 244, 245

Solomon-Godeau, Abigail, vii, ix, 68, 125, 132, 146, 157, 192

Sommer, Frederick, 56

Sontag, Susan, vii, viii, ix, 30-75, 91, 101, 108, 121, 125, 126, 132-134, 141, 182, 183, 243, 244, 246

South America, 167, 246

South Kensington (art school style), 161

South (US states), 154

South/em Africa/n, xii, 122, 167, 168, 246

Soviet Union, 74

Space,3,20,23,24,25,28,33,63,65,7 8,83,1 30, 137, 142-145, 147, 149, 177, 179, 194, 229, 233

Spectator/s, 3, 5-10, 77, 78, 80, 81, 86, 96, 101, 104, 145, 170

Spectum, 77

Spence, Jo, 12, 109

Spencer, Stanley, 12

Spiritual/ity, 4, 8, 37, 45, 163, 164

Spontaneous/ity, 4, 138, 175, 232, 236

Stadium, 89, 95, 111, 116

Stage/d, 19, 81, 116, 141, 237

Stalin, Joseph, 41

Stasis, 93, 102

Steichen, Edward, 34

Stein, Gertrude, 41

Stella, Frank, 160

Stereotype/ical, 8, 127, 147, 152, 167, 177, 184

Stieglitz, Alfred, 35, 37, 50, 51, 52, 55-57, 79, 154, 185

Still/s, 2-4, 7, 11, 12, 24-26, 28, 32, 33, 39,

41, 43, 45, 47, 53, 62, 66, 70, 72, 79, 81, 90, 92, 113, 118, 123, 127-129, 132-137, 147, 150, 152, 153, 157, 162, 165, 167, 173-175, 178, 183, 193-195, 198,215, 233, 245, 247

Stoddart, Tom, 66, 71

Story/ies, 5, 17, 19, 20, 71, 85,116,117,118, 144, 147, 148, 186, 194, 223, 224, 234, 239, 240, 242, 244

Straight, 53, 98, 99, 104, 144, 154, 179, 229, 239, 241-243, 245,246

Strand, Paul, 44, 46, 47, 49, 52, 69, 109, 164

Stravinsky, 54

Street photography, 163

Structuralism, 150, 151

Structure, 19, 23, 25, 46, 70, 149, 150, 152

Stryker, Roy, 39, 117,239

Studio, 17, 20, 23, 26, 127, 162, 176, 177, 184, 188, 189

Studium, 80, 81, 85, 95, 104, 105, 111, 136, 137, 140, 142

Style, 44, 54, 69, 75, 79, 93, 101, 115, 121, 124, 127, 135, 141, 149, 151, 152, 156, 158, 161, 239,244

Subculture, 115

Subject/s/ivity, 2, 5, 6, 10, 16-18, 20, 23, 24, 27, 28, 30-32, 35-42, 44-46, 49-51, 53-61, 63, 64-67, 69, 70, 73, 76-79, 81, 85, 86, 90, 92, 93, 95, 98, 100, 103, 105-108, 110, 114, 117, 118, 121-123, 125-128, 130, 131, 134, 136-138, 141, 143, 145, 151, 157, 162, 164, 165, 174, 175, 179, 180, 183, 186, 188, 189, 193, 198, 228, 229, 231, 234, 236-238, 240, 241, 245

Subversive, 46, 52, 82, 103

Suchar, Charles, 230

Sunday Times, The, 14

Super-Realism, 45

Surface, 34, 40, 91, 108, 177, 184,227

Surreal/ist/ism, 36-38, 40, 41-43, 47, 69, 70, 133, 236, 238, 245, 246

Survey/ed, 5

Symbol/s/ic, 17, 20, 141, 143, 144, 145, 147, 148, 179,231,240,241,244,245, 246

Synecdoche, 40

Szarkowski, John, viii, 15-21, 24, 26-29, 53, 55, 66, 73, 102, 119, 120, 226

Szirtes, George, vii, ix, xvii, 189-192

T

Taboo/s, 36, 38, 160

Tagore, Rabindranath, 162, 164

Tahitians, 115

Talbot, William Henry Fox, 44, 45, 51, 60, 74

Tate Gallery, xiii

Tautology/ical, 49, 76, 246

Technical, 46, 47, 55, 56, 73, 77, 88, 143, 156,

171, 17􀁞 182, 22􀁞 228,230

Techniques, 33, 141, 230, 234

Temporal, 34, 38, 175, 246

Text, I, 17, 41, 48, 58, 70, 81, 95, 111,

115, 129, 150, 152, 154, 155, 157, 191,

230, 233

Thames, 166

That-has-been, 90, 91, 95, 96, 99, 109, 137

Thatcher, Margaret, 112

Theatre, 81, 82, 101, 102

Theory/etical, 1, 7, 16, 117, 125, 137, 138,

150, 151, 153, 155, 159, 160,175,230,

231, 235, 242-245

There-she-is, 99

Theroux, Paul 134

Third World, 10, 196,246

This-has-been, 91

Thompson, John, 38, 118

Thompson, Mrs, 117, 122

Tibet, 167

Time/less/ness, 2, 3, 6, 16-21, 23-25, 27, 28,

30, 32-34, 37, 39, 41, 43, 47-49, 51, 53,

56, 57, 62, 63, 86-88, 93-95, 98, 100, 104,

107, 108, 110, 111, 113, 117, 120, 122, 127,

133, 134, 136, 137, 140-142, 145, 146, 150,

153, 157, 159, 162, 164, 165, 169, 173, 174,

175,177,179,181,182,190,194,222,227,

230, 238, 243, 246

Tone/al, 10, 22, 59, 143, 147, 156,160,226,229,

230, 240, 241, 245

Toscani, Oliviero, 13

Tourist/ism/ic, 31, 38, 40, 83,114,116,125,126,

128-131, 187-189, 246

Tournier, 140

Tradition/al, I, 5, 6, 9, 12, 15, 16, 19, 26, 27,

36, 40, 42, 43, 45, 47, 50, 52, 53, 56, 58,

68, 71, 73, 129, 151, 153, 156, 157, 159,

161-165, 173, 197

Transform/ation, 58, 93, 94, 140, 178, 197

Translate/ion, 10, 136, 144, 215, 238

Trauma, 136, 142

Tripe, Linnaeus, 161

Trivial, 17, 27, 34, 55, 121

True/th/ful/ness, 2, 11, 12, 17, 20, 21, 22, 26,

27, 30, 38, 43, 44, 46-51, 53, 54, 57, 58,

61, 64, 67-69, 74, 87, 88, 90, 96-99,

102, 107-110, 112, 115, 119, 122, 123,

126-130, 132, 137, 139, 143, 146, 147,

149, 151, 154, 156, 157, 164, 166, 170,

171, 174-177, 181-185, 189, 190,198,223,

238, 241, 246

Tuol Seng prison, I 08

Turner, J.M. W., 45, 58, 160

U

US/A, 113, 120

Uelsmann, Jerry, 230, 245

Unary, 83, 104

Uncoded, 136, 137, 141, 142

Unique/ness, 3, 4, 7, 11, 16, 36, 44, 52, 58, 59, 61, 64, 88, 90, 98, 108, 109, 139, 143, 154, 157, 177, 184

Unmasking, 152

Ut, Nguyen Kong, ‘Nick’, 32, 142

V

Valery, 58

Van Schaick, Charles, 41

Van der Zee, 84, 85

Vantage point, 3, 16, 19, 20, 23, 25, 28, 71, 119, 128, 246

Venus, 6, 8

Vernacular, 126, 149, 198, 246

Victim/s/isation, 35, 56, 111, 114, 115, 118, 122, 125, 126, 144

Victorian, 26, 27, 86, 103

Viet/nam/ese/cong War North, 31, 32, 119, 120,

142, 227

View point, 230, 246

View/er, 3-6, 8, 11, 15, 17, 19, 20, 22, 23-27, 30, 33, 35, 36, 39, 42, 43, 46, 49, 52, 55, 57, 58, 61-64, 70, 71, 72, 75-77, 85, 89, 92, 109, 114, 116, 117, 119, 121,122, 125-130, 135-137, 140, 143-146, 152-154, 158, 160, 167, 169, 170, 174, 182, 183,191,227,230, 231, 238-240, 245, 246

Vintage print/s, 11, 156, 246

Violent/ce, 106,115,126,161,171,178, 181, 184

Vishniac, Roman, 41

Vision, 2, 5, 11, 16, 20, 21, 23, 35, 36, 43, 44, 58, 68, 69, 121, 134, 139, 144, 145, 156, 160, 161, 163, 165

Visual language/grammar, 21-23, 56, 161

Vocabulary, 16, 56, 73, 135, 159

Vorman, Adam Clark, 39, 116

Voyeur/ist/ism, 114, 125-128, 134, 139, 140, 145,247

W

Wall, Jeff, 128

War, 32, 37, 71, 79, 115, 116, 119, 123, 132,

142, 153, 196, 197, 200, 227

Warhol, Andy, 36, 84, 126

Ways of Seeing, 2, 6, 7, 14, 26, 46, 53, 55-57, 63, 160

Webster, Frank, 135, 137

Weegee, 36, 38, 101, 118, 227

Welling, James, 153

Wells, Mike, xvii, 201

Wenda, Gu, 165

Wessing, Koen, 79, 80, 83, 106

West/em/World, 37, 156, 159-167

Weston, Brett, 11

Weston, Edward, 11, 44-47, 50, 52, 53, 55, 57, 69, 76 104,110,156,226,227,230, 241, 245

White, 56, 84, 106, 115, 122, 159-161, 166, 167, 169, 173, 176, 179, 181, 187,198,226,227, 233

White, Minor, 50, 52, 56

Whitman, Walt, 34-37, 67

Williams, Val, 70

Wilson, G.W., 86

Winogrand, Garry, 24, 119, 123, 124, 163, 185

Witkin, Joel-Peter, 110

Wittgenstein, Ludwig, 48

Wolcott, Marion Post, 202

Woman/men, 1, 5-8, 11, 12, 47, 80, 85-87, 106,152,173,179,190,223,229,239,242

Wood, Tom, xvii, 201

Woodcut/s, 161

Woodman, Francesca, 110, 185

Woodstock, 31

World Wildlife Fund, 120

Wound, 79, 80, 83, 89

Wright, Terence, 230, 231

Writer/s, 19, 35, 42, 58, 130, 135, 165, 182, 193, 198, 228, 236, 242

XYZ

Yosemite, 54

Zen, 161

Zeus, 144

Zimbabwe, 196, 198, 246

Zola, 44

Zwingle, Erla, 116